Activity 4

Activity 4


Activity 4: Piloting of targeting tools and applications

The objective of this Activity is to pilot wider benefit tools and applications which will be applied in processing raw compliance monitoring data into organized information. The outcome will be used in planning of inspections. The piloting of the standardization and of the targeting tools is essential for the formulation of a cost-efficient long-term strategy.

Sub-activity 4.1 - Development and establishment of instrument standards

The objective of this sub-activity is to establish necessary documentation, practices and processes to ensure in the long run that the CompMon observations qualify as evidence for legal proceedings (prima facie evidence). The main value of CompMon observations during the implementation of the CompMon action is expected result from improved and more cost-efficient targeting of port inspections. However, in the long run, qualifying the observations as prima facie evidence will increase the deterrent value of the CompMon network and reduce the added costs of on-board sulphur inspections.

Sub-activity 4.2 - Piloting of the emission estimate application

The objective of this sub-activity is to pilot the use of the output of the emission modelling application in targeting aboard inspections. This Ship Traffic Emission Assessment Model (STEAM) application uses ship movements from on-board AIS data and estimates emissions of individual ships. The information is required for the use of the optical compliance monitoring instruments, the Inversion tool, as well as satellite measurements of pollutants. Emission modelling facilitates studies of both vessel specific emissions as well as regional overviews.

Sub-activity 4.3 - Piloting of the single emitter identification

The objective of this sub-activity is to pilot the Single Emitter Application tool for automatic operation during the project. The Single Emitter Application transforms the raw measurement data into compliance information in near real time, and allows, together with appropriate equipment, for the determination of the compliance or non-compliance of individual vessels. The application may use airborne or fixed platform measurements as its input, and from the measured time series, calculates in near-real-time (in minutes) the sulphur content in the fuel used by the vessel. The identified compliance information is made available as targeting information to the port inspectors who use the application.

Sub-activity 4.4 - Piloting of the inversion tool

The sub-activity will pilot an air quality inversion tool and its inclusion in the service. The objective of the inversion tool is to delineate the most-probable sources of the observed atmospheric concentrations – and their anomalies, such as disproportionately high concentrations of sulphur dioxide in the air. The tool will utilize the available observations in the variational data assimilation procedure, which will solve the inverse dispersion problem: to determine the likely emission rates of the sources (ships) from the atmospheric composition observations.

Sub-activity 4.5 - Earth observation analysis

The aim is to provide updates of the newest EO capabilities, in particular for SOx emissions, including a new satellite to be launched in early 2016. The sub-activity will also provide an off-line service for monitoring the changes in NO2 content after the sulphur directive took effect on January 1st, 2015. NO2 observations will be also used for comparison with NOx emission data as supplementary information on large scale monitoring. The information (numbers and maps) as well as the summary report will be used by SIOB as input to formulate a satellite component to the CompMon Strategy.

Sub-activity 4.6 - Best practices in EU Directive nr. 2012/33/EU and MARPOL Annex VI surveillance and in aircraft certification

The objective of this sub-activity is to summarize lessons learnt and results from this project in a ‘Best Practice’ report for EU Directive nr. 2012/33 and MARPOL Annex VI aerial surveillance. This report will be submitted to and presented during technical working groups of the regional agreements/conventions to inform the BONN and HELCOM Contracting Parties about the Action. A workshop is foreseen at the end of 2016 addressing best practices to all interested stakeholders to sum up the experiences.